Today we are going to look at how the collapse of the Ottoman Empire following the First World War set into motion much of the central tensions that we find in the modern Middle East.
Some of the terms that I'll be using in this lecture include:
The Arab Revolt of 1916-1918
Balfour Declaration: which reads... His Majesty's government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country."
Franco-Syrian War of 1920
San Remo Conference
Class A,B, and C League of Nations Mandates
Mandate for Palestine, July 1922.
The emergence of modern Turkey and
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Kingdom of Iraq
1936-39 Arab Revolt
Ottoman administrative divisions in the region of Syria
Mandate Zones based on the Sykes-Picot Agreement