Wednesday, January 26, 2011

Read All About It!

If we followed the money in Chapter 13, then we are following the ideas in Chapter 14.

Broadly considered, could you answer how trade and prosperity helped bring about new ideas around the globe?

An early news pamphlet or "newsbook," the forerunner of the newspaper, from 1660

William Hogarth's South Sea Scheme, 1721

Pamphlets, newspapers, and later, political images were important developments in spreading ideas in Europe and elsewhere. How did this revolution in inexpensive communication reorder traditional patterns of influence?

Here is another interesting Hogarth work - a painting from which an engraving would be made. How had representational art changed? How did it reflect the way society had changed in the 150 years before this painting appeared?

An English Coffeehouse of the 18th Century

The voyages of Captain James Cook

Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778)

Japan, as you have read, did everything in its power to maintain trade with the West without having to put up with all of those pesky intellectual trends washing ashore. Their solution was Dejima or Deshima Island, depicted below:

 The Dutch VOC became the sole traders in Japan in

A French account of Japan in German from 1663

Lastly, some specifics that you should have gotten out of the book:

What do the different maps in chapter 14 tell us about the worldviews of different societies vis a vis the rest of the world?

Why didn't the Chinese or Mugal worlds find much worthwhile in European ideas?

How and in what context did academic plagiarism become a problem in China?

What new conceptions of "race" emerged with both the population of the Americas and in the context of new Linnaean approaches to taxonomy?

Some terms from Chapter 14:
Taj Mahal
No and Kabuki
Galileo and Bacon
Coffeehouse culture
Asante, Oyo, Benin
Captain Cook and Carl Linnaeus 
Great Chain of Being

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